offence, the

English Notes: 

Goblet: a.o. 2:286 ... so that the matter and the things will be clarified by them and the fallible ones judged in accordance with equitableness (fairness) and the dignification of people of your kind (humaneness), as is appropriate for the offence committed against you.

English Description: 

Etymonline for offense (USA)
late 14c., "hurt, harm, injury, pain," from Old French ofense "offense, insult, wrong" (13c.) and directly from Latin offensa "an offense, injury, affront, crime," literally "a striking against," noun use of fem. past participle of offendere (see offend). Meaning "action of attacking" and "feeling of being hurt" are both first recorded c. 1400. Sense of "breach of the law, transgression" is first recorded late 14c. Sporting sense first recorded 1894.

German Translation: